By Chris Turney
"The South Pole discovered" trumpeted front web page of The day-by-day Chronicle on March eight, 1912, marking Roald Amundsen’s overcome the tragic Robert Scott. but at the back of all of the headlines there has been a bigger tale. Antarctica was once awash with expeditions. In 1912, 5 separate groups representing the previous and new international have been diligently embarking on medical exploration past the sting of the identified planet. Their discoveries not just enthralled the area, yet replaced our realizing of the planet perpetually. stories of persistence, self-sacrifice, and technological innovation laid the principles for contemporary clinical exploration, and encouraged destiny generations.
To have a good time the centenary of this groundbreaking paintings, 1912: The yr the realm found Antarctica revisits the exploits of those diversified expeditions. having a look past the personalities and drawing on his personal polar adventure, Chris Turney exhibits how their discoveries marked the sunrise of a brand new age in our realizing of the wildlife. He uses unique and specific unpublished archival fabric and weaves within the most up-to-date clinical findings to teach how we would reawaken the public’s ardour for discovery and exploration.
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Extra info for 1912: The Year the World Discovered Antarctica
The Three Gorges . . and the site of the Battle of Red Cliffs [fought during the Three Kingdoms period], these seem like nothing today. Now, gazing at [the scenery around Yongle], I truly feel free and at ease (xiong wu ningzhi). (Yongji xianzhi 1886, 20:25a–26a). Relatively little has been written about the local social structure in and around Yongle, in part owing to the relative paucity of genealogies currently available from Shanxi (Taga 1981–1982:405–451; Telford 1983:20–30). Historical and ethnographic data indicate that surname groups and lineages played important roles in the local society of southwestern Shanxi (Qiao 1995:143–146), but the extent to which these groups resembled the well-known corporate lineages of Fujian, Guangdong, and Taiwan has not been determined.
It is known that the Yuan edition of the Taoist Canon stored at the palace was put to the torch during the 1281 suppression. The Gate of the Limitless Ultimate was not constructed until 1294, and finishing touches on the main halls took until 1301 to complete (Su 1962:82, 84–86; Su 1963:55). 23 An official document inscription carved on stone at the palace in 1317 contains an imperial decree issued in 1308 in which the Yuan emperor Wuzong (r. 1308–1311) confirmed Miao’s leadership of the Perfect Realization movement and appointed him to a position in the Academy of Assembled Worthies (Jixian yuan), which during the Yuan oversaw the Taoist clergy (Chen et al.
Efforts by the state and the temple committee itself to mold INTRODUCTION 23 popular opinion by repeating legends about the temple and its deities in the mass media have proved largely fruitless, mainly because temple cults usually prove unable to maintain “strong social relations of interpretation” to support their views (Weller 1994:156–157, 169; see also Weller 1996). The point of this book is not to deny the existence of hegemony—that the Chinese ruling classes were able to influence local culture is an undeniable fact.
1912: The Year the World Discovered Antarctica by Chris Turney