By Philippa Mein Smith
New Zealand was once the final significant landmass, except Antarctica, to be settled by way of people. the tale of this rugged and dynamic land is fantastically narrated, from its origins in Gondwana a few eighty million years in the past to the twenty-first century. Philippa Mein Smith highlights the consequences of the country's smallness and isolation, from its past due payment through Polynesian voyagers and colonisation by way of Europeans – and the exchanges that made those humans Maori and Pakeha – to the dramatic struggles over land and up to date efforts to control international forces. A Concise historical past of recent Zealand areas New Zealand in its international and local context. It unravels key moments – the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, the Anzac touchdown at Gallipoli, the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior – displaying their function as nation-building myths and connecting them with the fewer dramatic forces, monetary and social, that experience formed modern New Zealand.
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Extra info for A Concise History of New Zealand (2nd Edition)
In the Abruzzo new Norman lordships were created, but indigenous aristocrats also prospered, and retained their place within the twelfth-century kingdom, notably the Borrell family who dominated the Sangro Valley. At the same time, and despite the destabilisation of the later eleventh century, the great abbey of St. 23 Who these 'Normans' were, and how long their consciousness of a separate identity continued, has been the subject of considerable debate. 24 The use of the term Norman, at least for the period of the conquest, would therefore appear perfectly valid, although (just as in England) the conquerors were never exclusively Norman and there were clearly quite a number of other newcomers who derived from different areas of France, and particularly from those provinces neighbouring Normandy, such as Brittany and Maine.
SETTLEMENT AND THE AGRARIAN ECONOMY 31 The Norman conquest began at a time when the concentration of population had already transformed the human geography of southern Italy. The conquerors thus only pursued a movement that had started before their arrival, albeit sometimes in a new way. However the Norman period did coincide with the re-population of the flat coastland that had so far remained empty. In the Tavoliere, practically all the settlement network goes back to the Norman period. Finally, the political upheaval brought about by the conquest imposed a seigneurial system everywhere.
10 MGH SS Rerum Langobardorum, 231-64, especially 240, 250, 258-9. Cilento (1966), 84-9, 97-9. 11 Martin (1993), 213-16. 12 Chron. Vult. 231, Chron Casaunense, 797-8; Toubert (1973), 87. 8 22 JEAN-MARIE MARTIN of attention to the property that their establishment had once possessed, but they were often unable to locate it. The Chronicon S. Sophiae described a few ducal and princely demesnes of the eighth century, sheltering a sparse and presumably dispersed population, together with isolated (and private) churches which were supposed to help with the pastoral care of the population.
A Concise History of New Zealand (2nd Edition) by Philippa Mein Smith