By Rüdiger Wink (eds.)
This booklet offers an outline of modern coverage results within the box of academia-business hyperlinks in numerous eu nations. It covers a vast variety of techniques, from new public investment tools to reforms of highbrow estate rights and neighborhood community regulations. a different concentration is wear useful coverage implications and discussions approximately reform.
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Extra resources for Academia-Business Links: European Policy Strategies and Lessons Learnt
As Technical Universities and public laboratories are often located outside the main agglomerations in Germany, these spin-offs tend to move to more central locations. Spin-offs from public laboratories that specialize in high-tech manufacturing also tend to leave their region, while hightech manufacturing spin-offs from universities (which are the majority) are more likely to stay close to their incubator. Spin-offs tend to stay in the incubator’s region if • they use infrastructure of the incubator, • they place contract research to public research institutions (both to the incubator or to others), • they use public research as a source for training their employees.
They show a location pattern similar to all start-ups in Germany. This pattern reveals the regional distribution of demand in Germany. About every second public research spin-off is located in an agglomeration or other urban centre. This is signiﬁcantly lower than the respective share of incubators, but signiﬁcantly higher than the same share for other start-ups. Location decisions of public research spin-offs thus seem to be driven both by the access to knowledge at their incubator and by the access to demand.
Branches of manufacturing and services. We attempt to explain the number of such start-ups in German districts (Kreise) by looking at district-speciﬁc variables. Only some of all relevant factors are observable and considered in our analysis. We distinguish between the two groups of start-ups: all start-ups in knowledge-intensive industries, and public research spin-offs. e. e. more than 25 km distance from the incubator). All ﬁgures are related to the number of start-ups in the time period 1996 to 2000.
Academia-Business Links: European Policy Strategies and Lessons Learnt by Rüdiger Wink (eds.)