Howard Padwa's Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia PDF

By Howard Padwa

ISBN-10: 1598842293

ISBN-13: 9781598842296

ISBN-10: 1598842307

ISBN-13: 9781598842302

Habit: A Reference Encyclopedia deals instantly speak and transparent solutions on an issue usually sensationalized within the media and politicized in the course of campaigns. Drawing from a wide selection of resources, it presents readers with a concise but thorough assessment of what we all know approximately every kind of addictive behavior.Addiction surveys either the technology of habit and its background within the usa with major sections: a story of the historical past of habit as a systematic and public coverage factor within the usa through a sequence of alphabetically prepared entries occupied with companies, contributors, and occasions that experience impacted our considering habit. a lot of the paintings specializes in substance abuse—alcohol, tobacco, opiates, cocaine—but the e-book additionally examines behaviors that experience just recently been famous as in all probability addictive, together with playing, sexual intercourse, web utilization, and extra.

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Reference Essay | Beginning in the 1950s, smokers also began suing tobacco companies for negligence, arguing that through their advertising and public relations campaigns, the tobacco industry misled them by minimizing the real health risks involved in using their products. Plaintiffs in these cases argued that the tobacco industry was at least partially responsible for the smoking-related health complications smokers developed. In the 1990s, judges began to rule against the tobacco industry in some of these lawsuits, and as a result, tobacco companies have been forced to pay billions of dollars to smokers and their families, donate large sums of money to research into smokingrelated diseases, and become subject to tighter regulations in their advertising and lobbying activities.

The drug is usually snorted, though sometimes it is smoked, swallowed, or injected. A dose of 200 milligrams is usually enough to produce a mellow and hazy intoxication, marked by a feeling of being separated from one’s body, dizziness, and poor muscular coordination. In higher doses, the drug can cause hallucinations or delirium. The effects of ketamine generally last for about an hour, though aftereffects may linger for up to a day after the drug is used. Ketamine is currently a Schedule III drug, meaning that it is only legally available with a medical prescription.

In spite of the recommendation, the DEA refused to reclassify the drug, and in federal law, it remains a Schedule I drug—the most highly controlled class of drug—to this day. Beginning in the 1970s, many states took action to either decriminalize possession of marijuana or to allow for it to be used as a medicine, though the legal status of these statutes remains in limbo. While states can pass whatever laws they want concerning marijuana, federal law, which still classifies it as a highly controlled substance, technically trumps state laws when there is a conflict between the two.

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Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia by Howard Padwa

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